Saturday, April 4, 2009

Surah Al Mu'minoon: Characteristics of the believer

In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ - الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِى صَلاَتِهِمْ خَـشِعُونَ - وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُّعْرِضُونَ - وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِلزَّكَـوةِ فَـعِلُونَ - وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَـفِظُونَ - إِلاَّ عَلَى أَزْوَجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـنُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ - فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى وَرَآءَ ذلِكَ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ - وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لاًّمَـنَـتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَعُونَ- وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلَوتِهِمْ يُحَـفِظُونَ- أُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْورِثُونَ- الَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ هُمْ فِيهَا خَـلِدُونَ

1. Successful indeed are the believers.
2. Those who with their Salah are Khashi`un.
3. And those who turn away from Al-Laghw.
4. And those who pay the Zakah.
5. And those who guard their private parts.
6. Except from their wives or their right hand possessions, for then, they are free from blame.
7. But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors.
8. Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat and to their covenants are Ra`un.
9. And those who strictly guard their Salawat.
10. These are indeed the heirs.
11. Who shall inherit Firdaws. They shall dwell therein forever.


- Salah is what distinguishes between a believer and a non-believer. The believer's salah will be with Ihsan (The faith that Allah is watching you, even though you do not see him), utmost fear, tranquility and in awe to be in the presence of your Lord. Salah is the only duty of a Muslim that Allah SWT directly ordained upon Prophet Sallallahu alihiwassalam during the Mi'raj (night journey to the heavens). Salah is a gift that Allah presented to the believer. One finds tranquility and peace in doing the Salah five times a day, if done sincerely and with Khushoo'. A believer guards his Salah by performing them at the appointed time.
- Al-Laghw means unnecessary and idle talk or deeds that bring no benefit, sin, shirk- and a believer stays away from all this.
- After Salah comes Zakah. Abdullah bin Umar Radhiyallahu anh narrated that the messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, said: "I have been ordered to fight against people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah and until they perform the prayers and pay the zakat, and if they do so they will have gained protection from me for their lives and property, unless [they do acts that are punishable] in accordance with Islam, and their reckoning will be with Allah the Almighty." (Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Muslim)
- When a believer is entrusted with something, he does not betray that trust, but fulfills it, and when he makes a promise or makes a pledge, he is true to his word.

And Allah knows best.

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